The Adrenals sit at the top of each kidney and are responsible for secreting the hormones that our body requires to combat the daily exposures to internal and external stress, this is an important part of the bodies survival mechanism.
The Adrenal glands are made up of two layers, the inner and the outer. The inner Medulla layer is responsible for producing Adrenaline, which is fast acting primary response to stress.
The outer Cortex layer is a back up response. It is slower acting and is responsible for producing DHEA, which is a precursor to our sex hormones and also helps to regulate Potassium/Sodium balance and Cortisol, which increases blood sugar balance to feed the brain.
There is a nerve that sends a signal directly from the Brain to the Adrenal glands to spring them into immediate action. Using feedback from the immune system, the neurotransmitters, the hormones and polysaccharides, the Hipothalamus tells the Adrenals what to do. The Hipothalamus will instruct the pituitary gland about what message to pass on to the adrenal glands but the problem is that if there is something inhibiting the Hipothalamus input signals then the adrenals will not be receiving the correct messages and as a result will be out of balance.
Adrenal imbalance can then have a domino effect causing further imbalances with the Thyroid function, bones, memory, fat and protein metabolism, mood, detoxification etc., this can result in a number of symptoms making diagnosis very tricky indeed.
If the Adrenal is underactive or fatigued, then inadequate levels of hormones are produced which results in an emergency spike of adrenaline and the person would show Hypoglycemic symptoms such as shakiness, irritability, disturbed sleep, low blood pressure, anxiety, allergies, exhaustion and dizziness.
If the Adrenal is overactive, then too much Cortisol will be produced at the expense of other essential hormones, such as DHEA, testosterone, estrogen and thyroid hormone. This can result in feeling wired and tired, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, disturbed sleep, excessive abdominal fat, inflammation, low libido, supresses digestion, mood dysfunction, weakened immunity, sugar cravings and aches and pains.
Unfortunately nowadays there are so many internal and external toxins and life issues that can be perceived as stressful. The main culprits of adrenal dysfunction can include excessive exercise and stress, injuries, parasitic infections, blood sugar imbalances caused by dietary choices, food sensitivities, mental and emotional stress, electromagnetic radiation, chemical pesticides and of course environmental toxins and pollution.